We are committed to working collaboratively with those on the front lines of elections – state and local government, election officials, federal partners and the vendor community – to manage risks to election infrastructure. We will remain transparent as well as agile to combat and secure our physical and cyber infrastructure against new and evolving threats.
“The American public’s confidence that their vote counts – and is counted correctly — relies on secure election infrastructure”
– Kirstjen Nielsen
Secretary of Homeland Security
US Electoral Process
What is Election Infrastructure?
Election Infrastructure includes but is not limited to:
- Voter registration databases and associated IT systems
- IT infrastructure and systems used to manage elections (such as the counting, auditing and displaying of election results, and post-election reporting to certify and validate results)
- Voting systems and associated infrastructure
- Storage facilities for election and voting system infrastructure
- Polling places, to include early voting locations
Election Infrastructure does not include:
- Political action committees
- Or any other non-state or local government election related group
Election infrastructure was designated as part of the nation’s critical infrastructure as a subsector under the Government Facilities sector in January 2017. Under the designation, DHS – through its Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA) – provides an array of services that state and local election officials can utilize to reduce both cyber and physical risk to their election systems and facilities. The designation allows DHS to provide services on a prioritized basis at the request of state and local election officials. The designation also brings the structure and support of the National Infrastructure Protection Plan (NIPP) to bear on behalf of the election infrastructure community. NIPP advances critical infrastructure security and resilience through partnership and innovation.
Election Security is a Partnership
Securing election infrastructure is a partnership between federal, state and local government and private sector entities. DHS collaborates with federal departments and agencies, state and local government, election officials and other valued partners such as the National Association of Secretaries of State, National Association of State Election Directors, International Association of Government Officials, National Association of Election Officials and the Elections Assistance Commission. In partnering with these officials through both new and existing engagements, DHS and the involved partners both in the public and private sector are enhancing efforts to secure election systems.
State and Local Officials Roles and Responsibilities
America’s election processes are governed and administered by state and local election officials in thousands of jurisdictions across the country who:
- Manage and secure election infrastructure on a day-to-day basis
- Reduce risks and ensure the integrity of elections at the state and local level
- Administer statewide voter registration databases, required by HAVA
- Assist local election officials by providing training courses or materials on running elections in the state
- Provide a process for testing and certifying voting equipment for use in the state
- Disburse funds for the procurement of updated voting equipment and improvement of election administration procedures
DHS Roles and Responsibilities
- Share timely, actionable threat information
- Provide cybersecurity assistance, by request
- Foster robust processes for coordination between the election community and Homeland Security officials
- Develop and help deploy sensors to detect malicious activity, by request
Benefits of states and DHS partnership among election infrastructure
- Rapid identification of imminent threats that prompts a timely understanding of threat
- Quicker communication of identified threats that enables agile defense
- Cost-effective security force multipliers for all participants
Our Election Services
CISA’s services are available at no cost to the state and local government and officials. All services we provide are available upon request and are strictly voluntary, CISA only provides services when requested by state and local election officials.
- Cybersecurity Advisors and Protective Security Advisors, regionally located personnel who offer state and local governments, as well as private sector partners, immediate and sustained assistance, coordination, and outreach to prepare for and protect from cyber and physical threats.
- Cybersecurity Assessments, such as Cyber Hygiene Scanning, Risk and Vulnerability Assessment, and Cyber Resilience Reviews.
- Detection and Prevention, such as Cyber Threat Hunting and Enhanced Cyber Services.
- Information Sharing and Awareness, such as National Cyber Awareness System alerts and advisories, and the Homeland Security Information Network portal.
- Incident Response, provides 24/7 intrusion analysis in response to cyber incident.
- Training and Career Development, including the Federal Virtual Training Environment (FedVTE) cybersecurity training, and National Initiative for Cybersecurity Careers and Studies Catalog.
What is #PROTECT2020?
#PROTECT2020 is a national call to action initiated by CISA, the lead federal agency responsible for national election security, to enhance the integrity and resilience of the Nation’s election infrastructure, and ensure the confidentiality, truthfulness, and accuracy of the free and fair elections necessary for our American way of life.